Flu season

Early numbers of flu cases could indicate that flu season is coming early to the Show-Me State or that it will be particularly severe, experts say.

As of Nov. 25, 2017, there were 1,545 cases of the flu reported to the Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services, compared to 379 cases reported at the same time last year. If these trends continue, experts said the state could see even more during the 2017-2018 season.

“We know that historically, the intensity or prevalence of flu can vary from year to year. But this year, all indications are that we are seeing more flu earlier in the year and we anticipate more cases,” said Dr. Randall Williams, director of the Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services. “Now is the time to get your flu shot if you haven’t already. The flu shot combined with proper handwashing are the two most effective things you can do to protect yourself and your loved ones this holiday season.”

How big is the problem? Flu spreads every year, but the timing and severity of flu season is unpredictable. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that flu results in between 9.2 million and 35.6 million illnesses, between 140,000 and 710,000 hospitalizations, and between 12,000 and 56,000 deaths annually in the U.S.

What does flu illness look like? The most common symptoms of flu include fever, cough, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, and muscle or body aches. Flu viruses spread by tiny droplets when a person with flu coughs, sneezes, or talks. It’s important to remember that certain people are at high risk of developing serious flu-related complications, like pneumonia or bronchitis, if they get sick. Some of these complications are very serious and can lead to death. Those at high risk for flu-related complications include people age 65 years and older, people with certain chronic medical conditions (such as asthma, diabetes or heart disease), pregnant women and young children.

What can you do to protect family and friends? A flu vaccine is the best form of defense to protect yourself and your loved ones this winter. It takes about two weeks for the vaccine to reach its full protective abilities. Now is the time to get vaccinated so you can protect yourself and loved ones ahead of the upcoming holidays.

In addition to getting your flu shot, experts said to take these steps to prevent the spread of flu:

•Avoid close contact with sick people.

•Wash your hands often with soap and water, especially after touching shared objects or surfaces such as door knobs, light switches, remote controls, shopping counters, debit card readers, etc. If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand rub.

•Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. Throw the tissue in the trash after you use it.

•Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth.

•Clean and disinfect commonly touched surfaces.

•Stay home while you’re sick and limit contact with others to keep from infecting them.

For more information or to find a flu vaccine location near you, visit health.mo.gov/flu.

The Texas County Health Department is monitoring influenza activity weekly.

As of Dec. 6, there have been nine positive cases. The breakdown:

Influenza A

•Age 0-2: 1

•Age 2-4: 0

•Age 5-14: 3

•Age 15-24: 1

•Age 25-49: 2

•Age 50-64: 0

•Age 65-and-up: 2 

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