With tax scams drawing many reports on BBB Scam Tracker last year, Better Business Bureau (BBB) advises consumers to be aware of the potential for fraud as they collect W-2 forms from their employers and prepare to file returns.

Rushing to file could be a mistake, especially if you have a complicated return. BBB advises consumers to check a tax preparer’s BBB Business Profile first and to watch out for pitfalls that trip up taxpayers every year. Make sure you have all relevant documents — not only W-2 forms, but 1099 forms, for example — before you file.

BBB Business Profiles are a great way to check out any business, including tax professionals, such as accountants, lawyers or other preparers,” said Michelle L. Corey, BBB St. Louis President and CEO. “We rate companies from A+ to F based on factors such as how long a company has been in business and how it responds to customer complaints.”

Some tax preparation companies are open for only a few months every year, and it can be hard to track the preparer down if there are problems with your return. Last year, consumers filed more than 1,500 complaints with BBB about tax preparers, citing delays in getting refunds, poor service from preparers or tax preparation offices that shut down abruptly.

Not all tax preparers are created equal, so it’s important to check their qualifications. Ask what certifications they hold, how long they’ve been preparing taxes, and what will happen if the Internal Revenue Service rejects or challenges your return. While most tax preparers are reputable and care about customer service, some are not.

Some tax preparers may offer you a check or debit card rather than wait for the IRS to mail your refund. BBB advises consumers that these are typically loans, sometimes with hidden fees and interest rates of 50 to 500 percent. In most cases, tax refund loans give consumers their refund no more than a few days faster than the IRS, which can deposit refunds in your bank in as few as 10 days. If a preparer makes a mistake in calculating your refund, borrowers may have to pay back the loan plus any fines and fees.

In addition to complaints about tax preparers, consumers report tax-related scams to BBB as well. BBB Scam Tracker received more than 1,000 reports of such scams in 2019.

One St. Louis consumer told BBB she had received more than 20 mailers telling her she owed the IRS money and tax liens had been filed. She said the mailers, which purported to come from “The Department of Taxation and Appeals,” included different toll-free numbers that were answered by the same representative, who used abusive and harassing language to try to extract payment.

The IRS has issued warnings about online and telephone schemes that can steal taxpayers’ identities. The IRS doesn’t initiate contact with taxpayers by email or phone, and it won’t request personal or financial information or inform you of an audit that way.

Scam emails may say that there’s an issue with a refund, that the taxpayer is being audited or there’s a delay in processing the tax return. Links in the emails usually go to a scammer’s website, which asks victims to enter Social Security numbers, bank account or credit card information, all red flags for fraud. The site could automatically install viruses or other malicious software on victims’ computers or steal your identity.

The IRS says taxpayers should suspect identity fraud if they receive a letter from the IRS saying that more than one tax return was filed for them or if the letter states that you received wages from an employer you don’t know. Someone may have obtained your Social Security number and used it to file a return in an attempt to get your tax refund before you do. If this happens, you likely will have to file your return on paper, and you may need to visit an IRS office to resolve the problem.

If you decide to hire a tax preparer, BBB advises the following:

  • Ask for referrals from friends, but review the preparer’s customer service record with BBB at or by calling 888-996-3887 before you hire anyone.
  • Check credentials. Is the preparer a certified public accountant (CPA), a tax lawyer or an enrolled agent? Will the preparer sign your return and provide you with a copy? Does the preparer belong to a professional organization that requires members to adhere to a code of ethics?
  • Be wary of promises that you’ll get a refund. Until the preparer knows your situation, there is no way to know whether you’ll get a refund or how big it will be.
  • Check accessibility. You may need to contact your preparer after tax season is over. Will he or she be available?
  • Read the contract. Know what preparing your return will cost, what the fee covers and whether the cost changes if you have a complicated return. Will the preparer represent you in case of an audit?
  • Check your return. Before you sign the return, read it over to check for mistakes. Ask the preparer to explain anything you don’t understand. Don’t forget to sign it.

Consumers may obtain a BBB Business Profile on an individual business at or by calling 888-996-3887.

About BBB

BBB is a nonprofit, business-supported organization that sets and upholds high standards for fair and honest business behavior. BBB services to consumers are free of charge. BBB provides objective advice, BBB Business Profiles on more than 5.3 million companies, 11,000 charity reviews, dispute resolution services, alerts and educational information on topics affecting marketplace trust. Visit for more information.

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